Alopecia Hair Loss

Alopecia hair loss is a common problem affecting around one in five Australians and is most common in men. Alopecia presents in various forms and can be the first symptom of a systemic illness. In most cases, however, loss of hair is hereditary and a normal part of ageing. This page looks at hair loss, alopecia symptoms and causes, the different types of hair loss, and effective hair loss treatment options for hair regrowth.

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What Is Alopecia?

Hair loss (alopecia) refers to the slowing rate of hair growth, hair thinning, excessive hair shedding, or the inability to replace lost hair.

Symptoms of Alopecia

The appearance of hair loss depends on the cause, and it can present as scalp hair loss (alopecia totalis) or full body hair loss (alopecia universalis). The onset of hair loss can be sudden or gradual, with symptoms that include:

  • Loss of hair on top of the head
  • Hair follicle loosening, making the hair easy to pull out
  • Full-body hair loss during medical treatment, such as chemotherapy
  • Formation of circular bald spots, which may be painful or itchy

Persistent hair loss can affect your appearance and may indicate an underlying illness. If you are not taking any medications or receiving treatment that may result in hair loss or scalp irritation, schedule a consultation with our hair loss specialist, who will do blood tests and a scalp biopsy to determine the cause.

Causes of Alopecia

Various factors can cause alopecia, including:

  • Hereditary conditions, such as androgenic alopecia
  • Hormonal changes due to thyroid disease, pregnancy, and menopause
  • Physiological and psychological conditions, such as scalp infection and trichotillomania
  • Medications, including warfarin, atorvastatin, and amiodarone
  • Emotional or physical shock due to a stressful event
  • Radiation therapy
  • Unhealthy hair treatments or the use of unregulated hair products

The cause of hair loss determines the type of alopecia and appropriate treatment.

Types of Alopecia

Before recommending treatment options, a hair loss specialist has to determine the type of hair loss, based on the symptoms, possible causes, and results from blood tests.

Alopecia Areata

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disorder that occurs when the white blood cells, your immunity cells, attack the cells in the hair follicles, causing them to shrink and stop hair production. It is not clear why white blood cells target hair follicles, but there is evidence to suggest that alopecia areata is a genetic disorder and not a symptom of stress.

Alopecia areata affects both men and women and presents as patchy hair loss on the scalp, beard, or eyelashes. Before losing hair, you may experience a burning sensation or itching in the area, and the condition may affect your scalp or the entire body. Conventional treatments for alopecia areata include the use of corticosteroids and platelet-rich plasma (PRP).

Telogen Effluvium

Telogen effluvium disrupts the hair cycle resulting in hair thinning or shedding periods of six months or longer. This condition affects more women than men but generally doesn’t result in hair loss of more than 50%. Women who have telogen effluvium will typically notice more hair on their hairbrush, pillow, or shower drain.

Triggers that can disrupt the hair cycle and cause telogen effluvium include:

  • Hormonal changes due to childbirth, puberty, and menopause
  • Chronic stress
  • Nutrient deficiencies
  • Underlying conditions, such as thyroid gland problems
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Metal toxicity

The correct hair loss treatment for telogen effluvium depends on the cause. Common treatments include hormone replacement therapy, dietary adjustments, hair transplants, and PRP. If you are unsure whether your hair loss constitutes telogen effluvium, schedule a hair health check at our hair loss clinic.

Traction Alopecia

Traction alopecia is self-induced hair loss due to repeated hair pulling. Women who often wear their hair in tight ponytails or buns typically develop this condition. Traction alopecia presents as missing hair along the scalp’s front and sides, similar to female pattern hair loss.

Aggravating factors of this condition include a pattern of unhealthy hair practices, such as the application of heat and chemicals. Other symptoms include bumps forming at the base of hairs and hair follicle inflammation.

Male Pattern Baldness

Male pattern hair loss, or androgenic alopecia, is a form of genetic hair loss and affects more than 50% of all men older than 50. Like alopecia areata, genetics cause male pattern hair loss, and it affects the levels of androgens, which are hormones regulating hair growth.

Male pattern hair loss weakens the growth cycles of hair in certain areas, causing the hair follicles to shrink. As the follicles shrink, they produce finer hairs. At some point, the hairs’ growth cycle ends, and they stop growing. With male pattern hair loss, alopecia begins at the crown of the head or temples, or it can present as a receding hairline in the form of an “M”.

Natural hair regrowth isn’t possible with male pattern hair loss, and the only viable hair loss treatments include PRP or hair transplantation.

Female Pattern Baldness

Male and female pattern hair loss is similar in various aspects, but women experience hair loss in a different pattern than men. Women generally start losing hair at their part line, and the hair at their temples may also begin receding. Female pattern hair loss is also less common than male pattern hair loss, especially before midlife.
Female pattern hair loss has hereditary causes and generally happens after menopause, which means hormones are responsible for male and female pattern hair loss. With the right treatment, hair regrowth and further hair loss prevention are possible with female pattern hair loss.

Alopecia Treatment Options

Various treatments are available for hair loss. Alopecia treatments for hair growth typically include medications, hair transplant surgery, or platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy.

A hair loss treatment addressing the underlying cause of hair loss may also restore hair growth. For example, if hair loss is due to hormonal changes, hormonal therapy may offer the best results.

Of all the modern treatments for hair loss, PRP is among the most effective. PRP is a suitable treatment for all hair conditions and involves injecting the patient’s own platelets at a high concentration into the scalp. The platelets heal the hair follicles, stimulating the growth of new hairs.

According to some studies, patients can see results within three months after receiving PRP. Hair and Skin Science specialises in the field of PRP treatments. If you are losing hair and looking for the best results, schedule a hair health check and consultation at our hair loss clinic. 

Melbourne & Sydney Clinics

Tina T
Sydney Clinic
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I had a PRP treatment and the results were amazing, I loved the look and feel of my skin. Thank you can't wait for my next treatment 😊
Wayne Gordon
Melbourne Clinic
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I have enjoyed having my treatment done at the Ashwood clinic as the facilities are modem and the staff are very friendly and professional, thanks to you all.
aisah Dean
Sydney Clinic
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Very honest feedbacks provided each session. Positive encouragement through the journey. The beginning of my journey I was not sure and didnt see results for a while however when looking back at my session one photos to my seventh session I was amazed at the results and was encouraged to continue on. The team never gave up and provided positive alternative in my journey to ensure my hair growth results were prominent. Highly recommended treatment and beautiful team.
James Bowie
Melbourne Clinic
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After being recommended to Hair and Skin Science from a friend I can confidently say I am extremely happy with my experiences at the clinic. All of the staff are so lovely and most importantly the results have been nothing short of amazing. My hair is so much thicker since I began the treatments and I would 100% recommend this clinic to anyone experiencing any sort of hair loss!
Nick Cvetkov
Sydney Clinic
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PRP treatment at Hair and Skin Science Sydney is top quality service. After 6 sessions i noticed my hair was thicker and healthier. Jenna and the team do a great job. Treatments have been quick, easy and pretty much pain free. I took the six sessions and would continue doing it for best results!! Thank you Jenna and team, you guys are doing great job!
Sahil Soni
Melbourne Clinic
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Amazing staff and excellent results. Had few doubts before the treatment , the friendly staff cleared all of those and guided me about the whole process. Pretty happy with the results so far. Highly recommend this place for hair and skin problems. Special mention: Nurse Wee, she is superb , gentle and knows what she is doing. Really happy with the overall experience..!!
impact australia
Sydney Clinic
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Hi my name is Christian Gonzalez I from Colombia, I just want to say this treatment is the best! Very very good it changed my life. I advise everyone to do this treatment if you have hair loss. This clinic is clean and professional with qualified professionals. Thank you Hair and skin science Sydney!
Frank Lee
Melbourne Clinic
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I found Hair and Skin Science, Ashwood online. The PRP hair loss treatment has achieved good results for me. The service is high quality and the staff is very friendly and helpful. I would highly recommend their service to all others who have hair loss problem.
Syed Irshan
Sydney Clinic
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Well organized and most importantly affordable treatment .The staffs are friendly and the place is clean and tidy.
Sunrise Dental Lab
Melbourne Clinic
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Came here a few times for hair and skin treatments, very happy with the results. Staff members are super friendly and professional. Great service.
Yannis BERRAHMA
Sydney Clinic
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Hello everyone I come from France I did only 6 sequence of PRP in Sydney and the result it’s amazing ! I’m very happy to do the PRP in this company Thank you so much for my new hair
surbhi7
Melbourne Clinic
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Have seen significant results after my treatment here at Hair and Skin Science Ashwood. I have been interstate for four months and still noticed significant hair growth since my last treatment and will definitely be back for more. Highly recommend for boosting female hair growth. Really friendly and easy staff, make you feel really comfortable 🙂
Rach H
Sydney Clinic
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I have tried multiple tablets and hair supplements, which have never worked for me. When I came across the CBD clinic and I decided to try 6 PRP sessions after looking at the reviews. Throughout the treatment all the girls have been amazing, and made my experience as comfortable as possible. I am so grateful for this service. I am only halfway through the treatment, and the results have given me much more confidence already! I have seen a noticeable amount of hair growth in areas which I am lacking. I highly recommend this PRP treatment!
Jacob Vincent
Melbourne Clinic
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Amazing Experience and Transformation ! Initially I thought of searching some hair treatment places near me. Fortunately enough i found this place. I took 6 PRP sessions and I’m pleasantly surprised with the kind of transformation it has done to my hair. I’m planning to continue my treatment with them for another 6 sessions. Trust me if you’re on the verge of hair baldness this will save you. A special thanks to the amazing staff who were welcoming and gentle during the treatment sessions.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQS)

Some chemotherapy drugs, such as altretamine, docetaxel, and carboplatin, can cause hair loss. Hair usually starts growing back within three months after chemotherapy ends, and it can take up to a year for your hair to grow back completely.   

The growing phase for scalp hair lasts up to three years under normal circumstances. After the growth phase, hair enters the resting phase, during which the hair follicle detaches from the papilla, and the hair sheds so a new one can grow in its place.   

You should only receive PRP therapy from a professional with the qualifications to work in the hair restoration field. At the Hair and Skin Science hair loss clinic, we have a fully qualified team who can provide you with safe and effective PRP therapy. 

Recommended Treatments

PRP Hair Loss Treatment

Procedure time? 30 mins
No. Treatments Required:
6 Sessions for an Improvement
10 Sessions for Maximum Growth

Disclaimer: We are all unique. This means that treatment plans, the results, down time and recovery following treatment will vary from patient to patient. The information presented on this website should be used as a guide only.

At Hair & Skin Science, we provide free consultations with our friendly and experienced Doctors & cosmetic nurses.